To start the new year with levity, a little especially for veterinaries!

                       

 

                                                                                                               

Information on the epidemiology sector, for professionals only

 

- PREVENTION -

 

- CANADA - Spatiotemporal Epidemiological Modeler -

The Spatiotemporal Epidemiological Modeler (STEM) tool is designed to help scientists and public health officials create and use spatial and temporal models of emerging infectious diseases. These models can aid in understanding and potentially preventing the spread of such diseases. Policymakers responsible for strategies to contain disease and prevent epidemics need an accurate understanding of disease dynamics and the likely outcomes of preventive actions. In an increasingly connected world with extremely efficient global transportation links, the vectors of infection can be quite complex. STEM facilitates the development of advanced mathematical models, the creation of flexible models involving multiple populations (species) and interactions between diseases, and a better understanding of epidemiology.*

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In December 2012, the Center for Strategic and International Studies traveled to Zambia because it has a disproportionately high rate of maternal mortality – an estimated 440 women dying for every 100,000 live births, which is 20 times higher than the U.S. But Zambia, as well as Uganda, is also the site of a new program, called Saving Mothers, Giving Life (SMGL), designed to reduce maternal mortality by up to 50 percent in selected districts in a year. 

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Rectangle à coins arrondis: Epidemiological News, keeping you updated on epidemiology

 

-  VIDEO  -

 

 Influenza

Researchers suggest phased flu vaccination

- CHINA -

China should tailor its influenza vaccination strategies to account for its three distinct flu regions, according to the first comprehensive study of the country’s flu patterns conducted by a research team of Chinese and American scientists. Flu season in northern China occurs during the same period as in the world’s other northern temperate zones, but in the south the disease peaks in the spring, while patterns in a third, intermediate zone are complex and require more research, according to the study, led by Fogarty researchers. * 

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- STATISTICS -

 

- WORLD - Malaria Report 2013

- The World Malaria Report 2013 summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2012 report. It highlights the progress made towards global malaria targets set for 2015, and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination. The report was launched at the National Press Club in Washington, DC on 11 December 2013.*

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-  FOLDER  -

 

Maternal Mortality

New Initiative to fight

- ZAMBIA -

- TRAINING -

 

- UK - Online distance learning course on health care law 2014

  - This online course addresses key issues in EU law applicable to health and health care, highlighting practice within different member states and real-world applications of health care law across Europe. The course takes place entirely online and offers you a flexible way to study while maintaining work and personal commitments. ››› Information

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Stéphanie Patin

Newsletter Editor

 

- EUROPE -

 

- EUROPE - Aspartame - Focus results -

- EFSA (European Food safety Agency) completes full risk assessment on aspartame and concludes it is safe at current levels of exposure. “Aspartame and its breakdown products are safe for human consumption at current levels of exposure” EFSA concludes in its first full risk assessment of this sweetener. To carry out its risk assessment, EFSA has undertaken a rigorous review of all available scientific research on aspartame and its breakdown products, including both animal and human studies. *

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- NETWORKING -

 

- WORLD - WIKI - Epidemiology (FEM Wiki) -

- The Field Epidemiology Manual (FEM) provides a set of core training materials reflecting the essential competencies required by intervention epidemiologists. The aim of the FEM Wiki is to create a library of training materials for field epidemiology training programmes, as well as a market place for discussions on all theoretical and practical aspects of field epidemiology. Central to this effort will be the Field Epidemiology Manual, a core document for use when undertaking field investigations and research projects in intervention epidemiology. FEM Wiki is an open information sharing platform for public health experts, hosted and funded by ECDC. The content of FEM Wiki is provided by users of the platform and does not necessarily represent opinion of ECDC. *

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- NEW SYNDROMES EMERGENCE   -

 

- De novo mutations in SLC35A2 encoding a UDP-galactose transporter cause early-onset epileptic encephalopathy -  ››› Read

 

- Gain of function mutations in SCN11A cause familial episodic pain - ›››› Read

 

- LEGISLATION -

 

- UKRAIN - Hygienic Requirements for Infant Products

- Hygienic requirements include requirements for labeling and advertising of baby food: 1) security settings and selected indicators of quality of the products such as baby food and infant feeding formula (baby foods intended for special nutrition of children in the first months of life and infants); 2) infant cereals. They established the use of pesticides in the primary production of these products.*

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Archives

 

- EMERGENCES -

 

- WORLD - Log-binomial models -

- Relative risk is a summary metric that is commonly used in epidemiological investigations. Increasingly, epidemiologists are using log-binomial models to study the impact of a set of predictor variables on a single binary outcome, as they naturax²lly offer relative risks. However, standard statistical software may report failed convergence when attempting to fit log-binomial models in certain settings. The methods that have been proposed in the literature for dealing with failed convergence use approximate solutions to avoid the issue. This research looks directly at the log-likelihood function for the simplest log-binomial model where failed convergence has been observed, a model with a single linear predictor with three levels. *

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- VIGILANCE -

 

- USA - Chikungunya Fever Outbreak in U.S. Probable  -

- The U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta (CDC) is reporting that the mosquito borne illness, Chikungunya Fever, has the potential to be imported to the southern United States, areas with temperate climates and large mosquito vectors. Chikungunya Fever is a viral disease, a mosquito-borne pathogen, similar to Dengue Fever. The disease is transmitted by mosquitoes of the Aedes genus, the same type of mosquitoes that transmit the Dengue Fever Virus.  Chikungunya Fever is endemic to Asia, Africa and the Indian Subcontinent. A large outbreak was reported in 2006-2007 in India, and several other countries in southeast Asia. Italy experienced an outbreak of the disease in the northeastern portion of the country in 2007 as well. There is no known cure for the disease. *

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ISSN 2262-1997

N 31

* Excerpt’s article

Copyright S.Patin Epidemiological News © 2011 |   Legal information and notice | Map

ISSN 2262-1997

Fulminating disease (also referred to as X disease) of guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) is an acute enteritis characterized by intense prostration and a very high death rate, leading to the almost complete destruction of affected flocks. Lesions are generally limited to severe enteritis and, in some birds, pancreatic degeneration. This disease is uncommon, but its fulminating evolution raises concerns of differential diagnoses with highly pathogenic avian influenza.*

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 Complex Systems, Health Disparities & Population Health

Building Bridges

- USA -

 

February 24-25, 2014,

Natcher Conference Center, Maryland

Topic: the methods and tools of complex systems and how they can be used to address critical determinants of health and health disparities over the life course, including those that involve the health care system, socioeconomic status and mobility, institutions, neighborhoods, behavior, cognitive processes, and neurosciences

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-  AGENDA -

 

- ANIMALS Focus -

 

Novel Avian Coronavirus

and Fulminating Disease

in French Guinea Fowl

- FRANCE -

 

Influenza A vaccine

Recombinant viruslike particle

- UK -

 

A recombinant viruslike particle influenza as well as its experimental use are described. The conclusion of this study is a significant increase of N9 neuroaminidase-inhibiting antibodies occurred in all participants. Major increase is observed in participants injected with vaccine and 60 units of adjuvant (saponin-based iscomatrix).

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tomatoes

- FOOD / AGRICULTURE -

 

-  AFGHANISTAN - Women dairy farmers reinvest income to support their families

- In Afghanistan, an FAO project that has raised the capacity of thousands of smallholders to produce milk and, in turn, helped them establish viable and functional dairy enterprises, has improved family nutrition and food security and also contributed to income and employment generation. Family health has improved because of availability of milk and average incomes have quadrupled . *

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JANUARY 2014